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... !?!



 
               سʧͧ§кҧ Ҷ֧§šҹ͡
§ҹդ § Ҩҡ˹ ͧ ѹͧ
դӤѭ йʹҡ

               ѡԴѹͧ 繾Ѳҡâ٧ͧ ͧͧҷ
֡ʹءաͼǹẺҧ ҡäԴ آšФԴ੾ҹ
蹹 ժԵ ԧỹ   ˹١
֧ѵҹӡѺآšͧ ѹ (ٹš´բͧԡѹ-)
ǡѹСѹҪҹҹա 觹繨شԴͧҡ
ҷسҴԴ

               ᷺ͧʧ 繡Ԩҧѧ §͹
ѭҳ觼ҹѧ жҤ§Ӿѧ §й鹡仔 չ
ѡҷԷԷŹ ˹ѧ Laughter: A scientific investigation
  繼ͧѧҹԨªáӡ֡ҧԧѧ㹡ä÷
չ ·§ԴҡõͺʹͧҧҾͧ
Ҿٴ¡ѹ ҧ ѹͧ Դ ҡͧš  ҡѧࡵͧ
֡ա羺 §з˹ҷ͹繡ҹҧѧ ҧ硷á
ҳ  3-4 ͹  繪ǧ¡Ш˹ҢͧФ
Ըշ褹СѺ ͹ ҧǡѡ ѧ
㹡͹´¡ѹ ҧաẺ繡ҧѹ͡ѹ  ǹ˭ԧ
§к¢˹ȵç Ҩʴ֧ʹ㨵ȵç ʴѺӹҨͧա

                · 觷餹С 蹤 ҡͧäҵ鹡Դͧ
Шԧ Ҥͧ֡ҹա չ حӤѭͧ
ҤԴҼ§С ШҧѴਹ͹ǡ
ѧǡǡ§ѧҧաԡ ҡ ش鹢ͧФ͡è  
´蹔 лСͺѺ蹹͹ҡѺҺþɢͧ
չ ա ͨԧỹ ѹ˹ҷ§͡Ҕ  §
ͧѹѡɳ͹ §ͺҧҡ

               ѧࡵժԵǡժ§ҧ ͹ ʫ ਹ ٴ  
駢ѧࡵ ԧỹТзա ԧỹաըشǡѺ  
ѡɳТͧ§ҧѺԧѧººѹ չ ·ͺѡ֡
119 ͧҿѧ§Ẻҧҡҡ෻ѹ֡ չѡ֡§ͧҹ
ͺ١§Թ§ѵ ǹѡ֡ҷ͵ͺ§㨷ҧҡҧ
ͺ§¡ѧ

                ᵡҧ˹觷ҧѴਹҧТͧѺԧỹ   ҷ褹 §ШԴҡ˹觤͡繪ǧ §
㹢зԧỹöǺѧС §ТͧѹФ駨§Դҡ͡Ф 觷ʧ¡ ͺҧҡͧѵѺТͧըشԴǡѹ

               ҹԨª ʹѺʹع 觷餹ѵйǡѹ
ä鹾繼ŧҹͧ Ť ˹ʶҺѹѵԷ觤ѵᾷʵ
ҹ 㹻 ºº§Դҡõͺʹͧ͡èꡡШͧ
硷á (bonobo ԧỹժԴ˹ բҴ硡 մ ¡աҧ
ỹ - ͧ..) 㹪ǧҢǺá ͧ໡áҿѴдѺ٧ͧ
§ ;ҷ硷áٻẺз ͹ѹ дѺ§ᵡҧ
ѹ дѺ§٧

                ¤֧ѹҧ§Тͧ硷á
ʹѺʹعԴ  ж͡ԴǹҹҷҨغѵԢҺšա չѧ׹ѹաғ§п״Ҵͧԧỹ§Ңͧ Шش㹡ûѺѧм͹ǢͧѺջѹʹءʹҹ к
֧֧͡ ػ §觷Դ鹨ҡ ѹҨ繵ҧ
§ТͧժԵЪԴѲҡҧÔ

                äҡԴҧùա繷ʹ ԧ
ỹպþѹӡ 8 ҹ ѵ쪹Դ Ҩ§ѧҡ͹˹
鹡 ѵǹǢͧѺǡ ԧҹ鹡 ѡҹҧҧ
ʴҾǡ ᤹Դ (canids ѵԹǧ عѢ-ͧ..) ѵ§١¹ѹ

              Ѻ͹ҹͧ鷴ͺͧ¡ԧºº
٧ѵԴҧ ǺءѹѡҹͶǡѺ
ͧѵ͡˹ͨҡ Ҩҡ֡Ңͧ ਡ ᾧૻ ҡԷԧ-
չ൵ Ѱ ֡§ͧ٧鹫դ˹§ͧ˹  ˹
§颳зѹ Ͷ١ ҡоԨóҶ֧þɢͧ˹Фо
þҧ˹Ф鹵ҧժԵͻҳ 75 ҹշ

               ҧá š֡ҷ㹵͹ѧͺӶ äҨ֧
ԧѡԴ˭ҧ дԹ ҧ颺Դͧҧ
ͧѹշ դԴ˹觷Դ鹡 §СèꡡШըشԴҨҡ
ѹҧ١ ǹԴ ͧ §繻ԡҡ
ͺʹͧẺѵѵ(š)͡èꡡШ 繡ûͧѹǡе餹ԴѴ
ѧѵѧҹç˹ Ҩѹµ繡úѧѺһͧ
ҧǹ ͧ ѹзͺҧж١ѹաõѹ
ԴѺѺշҹ ੾ѡԷҴҹѲҡá
繻ԡҵͺʹͧ͡èꡡШҧؤ ѭҳʴ֧ҧ
ѹСѹ

              ԰ҹҡѧࡵ èꡡШ§硹¨зԴʹءʹҹ ҨꡡШҹԹ仡֡ҹ ԧؤҧԸըꡡШͧ
÷ҹѡ 㹷ҧçѹ ҡèꡡШзöǺͧ
Ѻͺʹͧ¡ ʴ˹ҷ͡ ¨ ѹѧդآ
֧觷觺͡ èꡡШ÷¡ѹҧ ¸ҵ
ѭѡɳͧ ҧ ѹ ѡԨͧԷԿ
ͧͧ 繡ʴѵѵ ҡ͡ ѭѡɳʴѵ

                բʧ·ҡèꡡШҧҧҧѺ١ԧ ѹ
ѺԴ鹵ҷѧ ҹѡ ռš֡ѵǡ
㹷ӹͧ蹡ѹ 㹾ǡ˹ èꡡШ Фҧ
觷¡ҡѹ  ᾧૻ ͡ ˹٨§٧᷺еʹ
§٧鹹öе¡èꡡШ ѧҡ ǡ˹١
ҧ㨤

               ѹѵ쪹Դ㴷 繪Դá д˵ѹ ҡ
§йԴҡõͺʹͧآšؤ͹ѵʵ ѹͧҢѹ
ش鹢ͧҨͧԧѧ ҡ˹حسͧš͡蹤ӫ
繤ö੾еǢͧ 㹢зѵ Ẻ״Ҵ
ժԵǷöǺ  վͷз§ ǡ
ش¨Դ ҡաäǺ ҡ礧
͡ٴ¡ѹҧ͹





͢ͺسŨҡ
: ... Ѫ
Ũҡ What are you laughing at, NewScientist, 20/27 December 2004
ҾСͺҡԹ






 












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